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HRC34: A rights-based approach to birth registration

Resolution on Birth Registration - A/HRC/RES/34/15

This resolution, passed at the 34th session of the Human Rights Council, underlines the importance of a human rights-based approach to birth registration, given that birth registration and the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law are closely linked to the realization of all other human rights.

The provision of legal identity for all, including birth registration, is included as the standalone target 16.9 in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development under Sustainable Development Goal 16.

  • This resolution recalls the obligation of the state to record all births without discrimination and seeks to strengthen the promotion and protection of this right particularly in situations of discrimination and vulnerability as in the cases of: migrants, refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, persons with disabilities, and indigenous peoples.

  • It calls upon States to ensure that lack of birth registration or documents of proof of birth does not constitute an obstacle to access to and the enjoyment of relevant national services and programmes, in accordance with national and international human rights law

  • It urges States to identify and remove physical, administrative, procedural and any other barriers that impede access to birth registration, including late registration, paying attention to barriers relating to poverty, disability, gender, age, adoption processes, nationality, statelessness, displacement, illiteracy, and detention contexts, and to persons in vulnerable situations

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