Priority Areas

Supporting feminist, women’s rights and gender justice movements to thrive, to be a driving force in challenging systems of oppression, and to co-create feminist realities.

Building Feminist Economies

Building Feminist Economies is about creating a world with clean air to breath and water to drink, with meaningful labour and care for ourselves and our communities, where we can all enjoy our economic, sexual and political autonomy.

In the world we live in today, the economy continues to rely on women’s unpaid and undervalued care work for the profit of others. The pursuit of “growth” only expands extractivism - a model of development based on massive extraction and exploitation of natural resources that keeps destroying people and planet while concentrating wealth in the hands of global elites. Meanwhile, access to healthcare, education, a decent wage and social security is becoming a privilege to few. This economic model sits upon white supremacy, colonialism and patriarchy.

Adopting solely a “women’s economic empowerment approach” is merely to integrate women deeper into this system. It may be a temporary means of survival. We need to plant the seeds to make another world possible while we tear down the walls of the existing one.

We believe in the ability of feminist movements to work for change with broad alliances across social movements. By amplifying feminist proposals and visions, we aim to build new paradigms of just economies.

Our approach must be interconnected and intersectional, because sexual and bodily autonomy will not be possible until each and every one of us enjoys economic rights and independence. We aim to work with those who resist and counter the global rise of the conservative right and religious fundamentalisms as no just economy is possible until we shake the foundations of the current system.

Our Actions

Our work challenges the system from within and exposes its fundamental injustices:

  • Advance feminist agendas: We counter corporate power and impunity for human rights abuses by working with allies to ensure that we put forward feminist, women’s rights and gender justice perspectives in policy spaces. For example, learn more about our work on the future international legally binding instrument on “transnational corporations and other business enterprises with respect to human rights” at the United Nations Human Rights Council.

  • Mobilize solidarity actions: We work to strengthen the links between feminist and tax justice movements, including reclaiming the public resources lost through illicit financial flows (IFFs) to ensure social and gender justice.

  • Build knowledge: We provide women human rights defenders (WHRDs) with strategic information vital to challenge corporate power and extractivism. We will contribute to build the knowledge about local and global financing and investment mechanisms fuelling extractivism.

  • Create and amplify alternatives: We engage and mobilize our members and movements in visioning feminist economies and sharing feminist knowledges, practices and agendas for economic justice.

“The corporate revolution will collapse if we refuse to buy what they are selling – their ideas, their version of history, their wars, their weapons, their notion of inevitability. Another world is not only possible, she is on her way. On a quiet day, I can hear her breathing”.

Arundhati Roy, War Talk

Related Content

Our Vision: Economic Justice in a Feminist World

As feminists struggling for gender, peace, economic, social and environmental justice, we know there is no single recipe for success but an array of possibilities that can and are making change happen. The menu of options is as diverse as our movements and the communities in which we live and struggle.

Before we dare to present some of the feminist imaginations for another world, here are the principles around which we base our propositions:

1. Self-determined development from the local to the global

We believe there is no one model for all and that everyone has a right to claim and contribute to building another world that is possible, as the World Social Forum motto puts it.

This includes the right to participate in democratic governance and to influence one’s future – politically, economically, socially and culturally.

Economic self-determination gives peoples the ability to take control over their natural resources and use those resources for their own ends or collective use. Furthermore, women’s economic agency is fundamental to mitigating the often cyclical nature of poverty, denial of education, safety, and security.

2. Rights, substantive equality and justice are at the core of the economy

The principle of substantive equality is laid out in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and other international human rights instruments. This principle is fundamental for development and achieving a just economy as it affirms that all human beings are born free and equal.

Non-discrimination is an integral part of the principle of equality that ensures that no one is denied their rights because of factors such as race, gender, language, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property or birth.

The inherent dignity of all persons without distinction must be upheld and respected. While States are responsible for ensuring the use of maximum available resources for the fulfilment of human rights, reclaiming rights and dignity is fundamentally a key space for civil society struggle and  popular mobilization.

3. Just distribution for all, without monopolization (the anti-greed principle)

This principle, exercised through organized efforts to transform unjust institutions, guides the restoration of balance between "participation" (input) and "distribution" (output) when either principle is violated.

It puts limits on monopolistic accumulations of capital and other abuses of property. This concept is founded on an economy model that is based on fairness, and justice.

4. Feminist and cross-movement solidarity is key

In order to make change happen, we need strong and diverse feminist networks. We need movements building solidarity from the personal to the political, from the local to the global and back.

Building collective power through movements helps convert the struggle for human rights, equality and justice into a political force for change that cannot be ignored.

“Only movements can create sustained change at the levels that policy and legislation alone cannot achieve.”

See more on this at Batliwala, S: 2012 “Changing Their World. Concepts and Practices of Women’s Movements” 2nd Edition. AWID

See also

The project

5 Major Threats


WHRD Tribute - 2017

We can have an intro here

And maybe a little bit more text here

Kátia Martins

Latin America
Cause of death / disappearance

Killed / Asesinada / Assassinée 

Funding Ideas

This page provides ideas and inspiration for how you can fund your participation at the 14th AWID International Forum. 

As you plan the activity you would like to do at the Forum, please also consider how you will fund your participation. Typical Costs include: accommodation, travel, visa, forum registration fees, etc.

It is important to note that this Forum will have many ‘open spaces’ and moments for movements to learn and exchange, but fewer formal sessions. (See “Ways to describe the Forum in your fundraising” below for language to use in your outreach.) 

Work with your current funders:

Reach out to your current donors first : Your best option is always a current funder that you have.

Make sure to do it in advance : We recommend contacting them by early 2020 at the latest. Many funders who support feminist organizations have some budget allocated for Forum travel. Others may be able to include it in renewal grants or through other travel funds.

If your group has funders, tell them that you want to attend the AWID Forum to learn, experience, exchange and network- even if your activity does not get selected for the final program. In order to be able to support your participation, your donors will need to know about it well in advance so tell them right away! (they are already deciding which funds they will distribute in 2020).

Seeking new funders:

If you do not currently have donor support or are not able to secure grants for Forum travel, consider reaching out to new donors. 

Deadlines and requirements vary by funder, and a  grant review process can take many months. If you’re considering applying for new grants, do so as soon as possible.

Creative inspiration:

Feminist movements have long gotten creative with funding our own activism. Here are some ideas that we have gathered to inspire alternative ways of fundraising:

  • Mobilize your community to support participation: fundraise with small contributions from members through community dinners, dance parties, and local shows, events and tours
  • Mobilize your networks by organizing giving circles and crowdsourcing using various online tools like gofundme, indiegogo, plumfund, or kickstarter
  • Cultivate local sources of income, including from individual donors and membership dues    
  • Consider co-funding through strategic partnerships with other community and social justice groups.

For more inspiration, see AWID’s ongoing series on autonomous resourcing, including specific ideas for conference raising participation funds. 

Access Fund:

AWID strives to make the Forum a truly global gathering with participation from diverse movements, regions and generations. To this end, AWID mobilizes resources for a limited Access Fund (AF) to assist Forum participants with the costs of attending the Forum.

AWID’s Access Fund will provide support to a limited number of Forum participants and session/activity facilitators. You can indicate in your application if you would like to apply to the AWID Access Fund. This is not guaranteed, and we strongly encourage you to seek alternative funding for your participation and travel to the Forum.

Even if you apply for the AWID Access Fund, we encourage you to continue to explore other options to fund your participation in the Forum.  Access Fund decisions will be confirmed by the end of June 2020. Please remember that these resources are very limited, and we will be unable to support all applicants. 

Ways to describe the Forum in your fundraising: 

As you reach out to funders or your own networks, here is some sample messaging that may be helpful. Feel free to adapt it in whatever way is useful for you!

The AWID Forum is a co-created feminist movement space that energizes participants in their own activism, and strengthens connections with others across multiple rights and justice movements. Participants get to draw from wells of hope, energy and radical imagination, as well as deepen shared analysis, learning, and build cross-movement solidarity to develop more integrated agendas and advance joint strategies.

Our organization is seeking funds to attend the Forum in order to connect with other activists and movements from around the world, strengthen our strategies, and share our work. We are inspired by past participants, who have described the power of this global feminist gathering:

“Over four days … voices weaved together into a global perspective on the state of gender equality. And when I say global, I mean simultaneous translation into seven languages kind of global  ....”

“It was reminding us that we are not alone. The Forum provided a means of translating collectivity into our movements. Whether across ideologies, identities or borders, our strength is in our vision and our support of one another.”

It is important to note that this Forum will have many ‘open spaces’ and moments for movements to learn and exchange, but fewer formal sessions. While many attendees will not be presenting in formal sessions, there will be invaluable space to learn, strategize, and experience feminist movements’ collective power in action.

Budget considerations: 

When calculating your costs and how much you need to raise, it is important to factor in costs that may come up. Here’s an example of key items to consider:

  • Airfare
  • Forum registration fees (please note that even if you are granted Access Funds by AWID, you will have to cover your registration fee yourself)
  • Visa costs
  • Travel health insurance
  • Local travel to and from the airport (taxis or other transportation)
  • Layover costs, such as hotels and meals if your plane travel requires a long layover
  • Accommodation, including giving yourself a day to recover on either end if you have traveled far
  • Technology, including WiFi access or fees for international communication as needed during travel (AWID will provide WiFi during the Forum)
  • Materials costs for any items (visuals, reports, artwork!) you want to bring, share, or exchange at the Forum 
  • Incidentals and/or per diems to cover food and other items that come up (all lunches and coffee/tea breaks, plus one dinner will be provided by AWID during Forum days) 
  • Accessibility, such as any additional support that may be important to make your travel more comfortable, safe, and secure

We look forward to seeing you at the Forum!


The Forum is a collaborative process

The AWID Forum will now take place 11-14 January 2021 in Taipei .

It is more than a four-day convening. It is one more stop on a movement strengthening journey around Feminist Realities that has already begun and will continue well beyond the Forum dates.

Join us on this journey!

Guadalupe Campanur Tapia

Latin America
Cause of death / disappearance


Guadalupe was an environmental activist involved in the fight against crime in Cherán, Mexico.

Guadalupe helped to overthrow the local government in April 2011 and participated in local security patrols including those in municipal forests.  She was among the Indigenous leaders of Cherán, who called on people to defend their forests against illegal and merciless logging. Her work for seniors, children, and workers made her an icon in her community.

She was killed in Chilchota, Mexico about 30 kilometers north of her hometown of Cherá.



Guadalupe Campanur Tapia, Mexico

Our neighbourhood, our network, our strength

by Marta Plaza Fernández, Madrid, Spain (@gacela1980)

The feminist reality that I want to share is about weaving networks in which we uphold one another. Networks which come together in different ways, which emerge from our shared vulnerability, and which make all of us stronger.


The streets of Chamberí, my neighbourhood in Madrid, became much more of a home following the gatherings in the plazas organized by the citizens movement that originated in a rally on May 15, 2011. I think about how, during those years, we met each other and were able to associate faces, voices, smiles with so many neighbours who previously were only silhouettes without names or pasts, and who we passed by without seeing or hearing each other. I think about how we’ve become involved and dedicated; how we’ve woven a palpable, tangible community; how we’ve been advancing hand in hand towards building a new more inhabitable world, which we want and that we urgently need to create.

A group of activists and utopian neighbours, (in the best sense of the word utopian) – that moves us to action to do something real – that group for me was practically the first that reacted differently when I shared a part of my history and identity with them. With these women I shared my psychiatric diagnosis, my multiple hospital stays, the number of daily pills that accompanied me, my disability certificate, my difficulty in preserving that vital link that periodically disintegrates in my hands.

These neighbours, friends, comrades, links, loves –did not only not distance themselves from me once they got to know someone who many others had labelled as problematic, manipulator, egotistical – but became my principal network of affection and mutual support. They decided to navigate with me when the sea became agitated with storms. These people have given a different meaning to my days.

Building our feminist reality also encompasses carrying the “I believe you, sister” that we use when a friend has suffered a macho attack to the violence experienced by psychiatrized women at the hands of the very psychiatric system and institutions that are supposed to help us (and instead are often the new abuser who traumatizes and hurts us all over again). And this reality must include respect for our decisions, without taking away our agency and capacity to direct our own steps to one space or another; to listen to our narratives, desires, needs…without trying to impose others that are alien to us. It means not delegitimizing our discourse, not alluding to the label of our diagnosis, nor our madness.

With these transformation, each stay in the psychiatric institute did erase the ties that we had been able to build, but instead this network stayed by my side, its members took turns so that each day there would be no lull in calls, in visits, so that I could feel them as close as one can feel another person separated by locked doors (but unfortunately open for abuse) within the confines of the psychiatric ward. Through the warmth and kindness from my people I could rebuild that vital link that had once again been broken.

The even bigger leap happened when I was already aware of the numerous violent acts and abuse (where among other assaults, I spent days strapped to a bed, relieving myself where I lay),  I decided that I would not go back to being interned.

This network of care, these women neighbours-friends-loves-comrades, they respected my refusal to return to the hospital and supported me through each crisis I’ve been through since then. Without being interned, without violence.

They took turns accompanying me when my link to life was so broken that I felt such a huge risk which I couldn’t handle on my own. They organized WhatsApp group check-ins. They coordinated care and responsibilities so that no one would feel overwhelmed - because when an individual feels overloaded, they make decisions based on fear and the need for control instead of prioritizing accompaniment and care.

That first crisis that we were able to surmount together in this way – without being admitted to the psychiatric institute, represented a dramatic change in my life. There were months when my life was at risk, of intense suffering and of so much fear for my people and for me. But we overcame it together, and all that I thought was that if we could get over that crisis, then we could also find ways to face all the difficulties and crises that may come.

These feminist realities that we’re building day by day keep expanding, growing and taking different forms. We’re learning together, we’re growing together. Distancing ourselves from a welfare mentality, one of the first lessons was that, in reality, there wouldn’t be anyone receiving care (because of a psychiatric label) or anyone helping, from the other side of the sanity/insanity line. We learnt – we’re learning – to move to a different key – that of mutual support, of providing care and being cared for, of caring for each other.

We’ve also explored the limits of self care and the strength of collectivizing care and redistributing it so it’s not a burden that paralyzes us; we learnt – and we keep learning today – about joy and enjoying care that is chosen.

Another recent learning is about how difficult it was to start integrating money as another component of mutual support that we all give and receive. It was hard for us to realize how internalized capitalism kept on reverberating in our relationship with money, and that even though no one expected any payment for the containers of lentils we cooked amongst us when eating and cooking were difficult tasks, our expectation regarding money was different. Phrases like “how much you have is how much you’re worth” become stuck inside of us without critically analyzing them. It’s easy to keep thinking that the money each one has is related to the effort made to earn it, and not due to other social conditioning distant from personal merit. In fact, within this well-established mutual support network – redistributing money based on needs without questioning – was still a remote reality for our day to day. That’s why this is something that we’ve recently started to work on and think through as a group.

We want to get closer to that anti-capitalist world where mutual support is the way that we have chosen to be in the world; and that entails deconstructing our personal and collective relationship with money and internalized capitalism.

In these feminist realities we also know that learning never stops, and that the road continues to be shaped as we travel upon it. There is still much to do to keep caring for ourselves, to keep expanding perspectives and to make ourselves more aware of the persistent power imbalances, of privileges that we hold and continue to exercise, without realizing the violence that they reproduce.

Though we’ve already travelled so far, we still have a long way to go to get closer to that new world that we hold in our hearts (and for some within our crazy little heads too). Racism, classism, adult-centrism, fat-phobia, and machismo that persists among our partners.

Among the pending lessons, we’ve needed for a long time already to build a liveable future in which feminism is really intersectional and in which we all have space, in which the realities and oppressions of other sisters are just as important as our own. We also need to move forward horizontally when we build collectively – getting rid of egos, of protagonisms, to live together and deal with the need for recognition in a different way. And to also keep making strides grounded in the awareness that the personal is always, always political.

How we relate to and link with each other cannot be relegated to the private domain, nor kept silent: other loves are possible, other connections and other families are necessary, and we are also inventing them as we go.

This new world which we want to create, and that we need to believe in – is this kind world – in which we can love, and feel pride in ourselves – and in which all worlds will fit. We’ll keep at it.


“Healing Together”

by Upasana Agarwal, Kolkata, India (@upasana_a)

Looking at activists and feminists as healers and nourishers of the world, in the midst of battling growing right wing presence, white supremacy and climate change. This piece highlights how our feminist reality puts kindness, solidarity, and empathy into action by showing up and challenging the status quo to liberate us all. 

Upasana Agarwal (@upasana_a)


Anna Campbell (şehid Hêlîn Qerecox)

Date of death / disappearance
Cause of death / disappearance


Anna grew up in Lewes, Sussex (UK) and, after deciding not to pursue her English degree at Sheffield University, she moved to Bristol and became a plumber.

She spent much of her time defending the marginalised and under-privileged, attending anti-fascist rallies, and offering support to the women of Dale Farm when they were threatened with eviction. A vegan and animal lover, she attended hunt sabotages and her name is honoured on PETA's 'Tree of Life' Memorial. Anna went to Rojava in May 2017 with a strong commitment to women's empowerment, full representation of all ethnicities and protection of the environment.

Anna died on March 15, 2018 when she was hit by a Turkish airstrike in the town of Afrin, northern Syria. Anna was fighting with the Women's Protection Forces (YPJ), when she was killed.


Anna Campbell (şehid Hêlîn Qerecox), UK

Understanding the Context of Anti-Rights Threats

Chapter 2

While fundamentalisms, fascisms and other systems of oppression shapeshift and find new tactics and strategies to consolidate power and influence, feminist movements continue to persevere and celebrate gains nationally and The rising power of anti-rights actors is not happening in a vacuum. Understanding the rise of ultra-nationalism, unchecked corporate power, growing repression, and diminishing civic space is key to contextualize the anti-rights threats we face today.

Protester holding a flyer that reads "Danger - Trump and the Far Right."
© Alisdare Hickson / Flickr
Danger - Trump and the Far Right.

Today, considerably more than half of the world’s population is governed by far-right leaders.  Against this backdrop, human rights defenders and feminists are working hard to “hold the line” and protect multilateralism and the international human rights system. They also face the risk that their engagement may bring with it violent reprisals. At the same time, these institutions are increasingly subject to private sector interests. Large businesses, particularly transnational corporations, are occupying seats at the negotiating table and leadership positions in a number of multilateral institutions, including the UN. This nexus of ultra-nationalism, closing civic space, and corporate capture is having a tremendous impact on whether human rights for all can ever be achieved. 

Table of Contents

  • Nationalism and Ultra-nationalism
  • Corporate Capture: Untamed Corporate Power is Putting Rights at Risk
  • Reprisals and Closing Civic Spaces for Feminist Activists, and LGBTIQ+ and Women Human Rights Defenders
  • Movement Resistance Story: CEDAW’s Article 16: A Pathway for Reformation of Discriminatory Family Laws in Muslim Contexts 

Read Full Chapter >

Shireen Lateef

Date of death / disappearance
Cause of death / disappearance


Shireen was an inspiration to many feminists in Fiji and a powerful ally to the women’s movement. She advocated tirelessly for gender equality locally and regionally.

She began her career as a junior gender specialist at the Asian Development Bank and brought about drastic changes to the institution’s gender policies.

Her research, “Rule by the Danda: Domestic violence amongst Indo Fijians” was one of the earliest pieces of research on domestic violence, marriage and women in Fiji. This seminal work has been a catalyst for feminist work in this area.

Shireen’s legacy lives on as many remember her influence, commitment and support to the women’s movement in Fiji and the Pacific.


Shireen Lateef, Fiji

الفرح للعالم: ستّة أسئلة مع نايكي ليدان

أجرت المقابلة تشينيلو أونوالو
ترجمة فيفيان عقيقي

Decorative Element

Naike Ledan Portrait

نايكي ليدان، مدافعة عن العدالة الاجتماعية وناشطة نسوية ملتزمة، تتمتع بـ 20 عامٍ من الخبرة في مجال الدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان والعدالة الصحية وتمكين المرأة، والنضال من أجل الوصول الشامل إلى الخدمات الأساسية والإدماج الاجتماعي، فضلاً عن بناء قدرات المجتمع المدني. قامت بعمل مكثف في كندا وغرب وجنوب إفريقيا وهايتي في مجال الدفاع عن الحقوق المدنية، وبناء القدرات لمنظمات المجتمع المدني، مع التأكيد على المحددات الاجتماعية للإقصاء الهيكلي. إنها تقدر مبادئ القيادة المشتركة والمساحات المعادية للاستعمار والقمع والأبوية.

Article Cover for A Joy to the World: Six Questions with Naike Ledan

السؤال الأوّل: تُعَدّين ناشطة في قضايا حقوق العابرين/ات جنسياً؛ أشعر بالفضول لمعرفة كيف عبّدتِ مسيرتك.

نشأتُ في هايتي حتّى بلغت سنّ الثامنة عشرة، ثمّ عشتُ في مونتريال لمدّة 19 عاماً. في العام 2016 عدتُ إلى هايتي معتقدة أنني سوف أعود إلى الوطن، لكن المكان تغيّر، وكان عليّ التكيّف مجدّداً. لم أُعِدْ ربط الصلات مع العائلة وأصدقاء الطفولة بالطريقة التي كنت أتوقّعها. عدت كمُغتربة مع ظروف عمل مريحة، وبقيت أشعر أنني غريبة لفترة طويلة جداً. لكن في الوقت نفسه، شعرت أنني في وطني بسبب اللغة، وحتى الصمت المألوف، وعدم اضطراري إلى تبرير غنائي لشارة إعلان تجارية – تعلمين... تلك الأمور التي نتشاركها، تلك الطاقة، تلك المساحة، وتلك الروح.

عودتي إلى حبّ الذات – أو ما أسمّيه "ولادة جديدة" – التي تتزامن مع ولادة طفلي الأوّل، وولادة نفسي، ووقوعي في حبّ حبيبتي الكويرية. (مصدر الصورة: نايكي ليدان)​​​​​​

 ما ساعدني في ذلك هو حبّي للعمل في كافة أنحاء البلاد، وتوثيق معارف الناس. لذلك تركت مساحتى المريحة، وأصبحت مديرة قطرية لمنظّمة إقليمية كويرية. تركَّز معظم عملي على إيجاد الموارد وبناء قدرات المجتمع المدني. بنيتُ استراتيجيتي على الذهاب إلى الريف، والبحث عن كلّ المنظّمات الصغيرة، والمساعدة في بناء قدراتها وتمويلها. لم أكن مُهتمّة بالسياسيين وبمصافحتهم والتقاط الصور معهم <ضحكة>. كان لديّ حليف رائع: شارلوت جودي، الناشط الكويري الذي قُتِل قبل ثلاث سنوات في منزله. تقرّبنا كثيراً بعد حظر مهرجان أفلام أفرو كويرية في هايتي كنا نخطّط له. أحدث المهرجان ضجّة كبيرة، وأثار نقاشات عن الكويرية في كلّ مكان، لذلك قدّمني شارلوت إلى منظّمات المجتمع المدني الصغيرة، المُنتشرة في كلّ ركن من البلاد. كان عليّ أن أكون هناك لمساعدة المنظّمة (المنظّمات)، على التسجيل بشكل قانوني أو بناء خطّتها الاستراتيجية. جعلتني هذه الأعمال ناشطة كويرية، وبالتالي ناشطة في قضايا المتحوّلين/ات جنسياً. مع ذلك لا أسمّي نفسي ناشطة. إنّها كلمة ثقيلة كما تعلمين. لكنّها الصفة التي يناديك بها الناس. أعتقد أنني مجرّد عاشقة ومقاتلة <ضحكة>.

السؤال الأوّل: أخبريني عن ورشة العمل التي نظّمتها للمهرجان مع AWID. ما هو مضمونها وسياقها؟

وعيي الذاتي العميق خلال سنوات طفولتي، وانخراطي في البحث عن أسباب انعدام المساواة والظلم في سنّ مُبكرة جدّاً (في الرابعة من عمري تقريباً). (مصدر الصورة: نايكي ليدان))

ا تتحدّث وسائل الإعلام الدولية عن هايتي، لكن مع وجود بيئة سياسية سيّئة فإن البيئة الاقتصادية تكون أكثر كارثية. نظراً لانتمائي إلى الطبقة الوسطى في هايتي، وتحدّثي بلغات عدّة، وامتلاكي جوازات سفر مختلفة، تردّدت بدايةً في أخذ هذه المساحة. غالباً ما أرى نفسي كجسر، لا شخص يتحدّث عن نفسه. لذلك دعوت سيمي، شابّة لامعة متحوّلة جنسياً من خارج بورت أو برنس، لتأخذ المساحة وتتحدّث عن نفسها، وترشدنا إلى واقع النساء المتحوّلات في هايتي. انتهى بنا الأمر بعقد جلسة عن النسوية غير الشمولية – أو كما أسمّيها المساحات النسوية الرسمية – وكيف أن الفتيات المتحوّلات في هايتي لا يملكن مساحات للمساهمة في التعريف عن المرأة ومشاركة واقعها. من هنا، كان مهرجان AWID فرصة لي لإعطاء مساحة للنساء اللواتي يجب أن يحصلن على فرص. أمضينا وقتاً رائعاً؛ احتسينا النبيذ أثناء جلستنا عبر الإنترنت، وشاركتنا سيمي، التي ساعدتني في إدارة الجلسة، بما يعنيه أن تكوني طفلة/ فتاة/ امرأة متحوّلة في مراحل مختلفة من حياتها، وتحدّثت عن أخطار الشارع والفقر والإقصاء والفشل في ظهورها كامرأة بعد التحوّل، وأيضاً عن انتصاراتها.

السؤال الأوّل: ما علاقة النساء المتحوّلات بالمنظّمات النسوية في هايتي؟ كيف كانت تجربتك في هذا السياق؟

لقد كانت تجربة النساء المتحوّلات صعبة، وفي الواقع مفجعة. من عدم الاعتراف بوجودهن إلى التعامل معهنّ بأسلوب جنسي مُتطرّف، فضلاً عن تعرّضهن للقتل من دون حتّى الإعلان عن هذه الحالات في الإعلام. وهو ما يعبّر عن مدى عدم الاعتراف بوجودهن، وعن كيفيّة محوهن. إنهنّ موجودات في كلّ مكان، لكن ليس في أماكن العمل، ولا في البيئات النسوية، ولا في بيئات المؤسّساتية. ولا حتّى في منظّمات مجتمع الميم. في الآونة الأخيرة فقط، ونتيجة حملات المناصرة، صحّحت بعض المنظّمات نوعاً ما هذه الوضعيّة. لكن لا يزال الأمر غير وارد في المساحات النسوية. ما زلنا مضطرّات للتعامل مع الخطاب الإقصائي القديم بـ»إنهنّ لسنا نساء. بالطبع، إذا نجحن في الظهور كنساء بعد عمليّات التحوّل...». إن ثقافة الفشل أو النجاح في التحوّل ليست إلّا محادثة عن إدارة المخاطر – إلى أي درجة ينجح التحوّل، وما الذي يعنيه لجسمكِ، والعنف الذي يلحق به. في الواقع الإقصائي للمتحوّلين/ات الذي نعيش فيه، ويُعاد إنتاجه في الكثير من المساحات النسوية، قد تُعتبر فتيات، وإلى حدّ معيّن، أولئلك اللواتي ينجحن في الظهور بما يتوافق مع الجنس الذي تحوّلن إليه. لكن ماذا عن الوقوع في الحبّ، وإجراء محادثة، وإخفاء الهوية الجنسية، والرغبة في الحصول على مظهر معيّن، أو مهنة معيّنة؟ في الحقيقة، أصبح العلاج بالهرمونات حديثاً عن الحدّ من المخاطر كما عبّرت سيمي في ورشة العمل. لكن ليس لدينا خيار العلاج الهرموني، ولا الإطار الطبي أو النظام لدعم أولئك الذين يرغبون في متابعته.

السؤال الأوّل: عندما تتحدّثين عن الطريقة التي يُنظر بها إلى الأشخاص المتحوّلين/ا جنسياً والكويريين/ات في المجتمع، يبدو أنها مشابهة لنظرة المجتمع في نيجيريا، حيث يبرز رهاب المثلية بعمق.

هايتي بلد مُعقّد للغاية وبطريقة جميلة جداً. لا يوجد شيء بسيط، كما تعلمين، لا يوجد شيء يُمكن القيام به بطريقة واحدة فقط. الهايتيون متسامحون للغاية – لكنّهم وفي الوقت نفسه يعانون من رهاب المثلية. سوف تجد مناطق في الريف، لا يعاني المقيمون فيها من رهاب المثلية على الإطلاق نظراً لوجود معابد فودو فيها، وهذه ديانة تحترم الحياة. أحد المبادئ الأساسية لديانة فودو هو عدم وجود ما هو صحيح أو خطأ. لفترة طويلة، كان الناس يعتقدون أن هايتي ملاذ ومكان حيث يعيش أناس متسامحون – نحن نتحدّث عن السبعينيات والثمانينيات وقبل انتشار فيروس نقص المناعة البشريّة، وحتّى التسعينيات. من ثمّ وقع زلزال العام 2010 وقتل نحو 300 ألف شخص، وبعدها تدفّقت كلّ هذه الأموال من جنوب الولايات المتّحدة عبر الإنجيليين لإعادة بناء البلاد والعثور على يسوع. لذلك، يُعدّ رهاب المثلية حديث النشأة في هايتي. في العمق، في روحية الثقافة، لا أستطيع القول إنّ هايتي معادية للمثليين. لكن في الحياة اليومية، من المؤكّد أن هناك عنفاً يقع على المثليين، وكذلك على النساء، والنساء الفقيرات، والنساء داكنات البشرة أيضاً، خصوصاً أنّ التمييز العرقيّ بارز جداً في منطقة الكاريبي.

السؤال الأوّل: كيف تمكّنت من إدارة الأمر؟ ما كانت استراتيجيّتك 

عودتي إلى هايتي كان جزءاً من مساري الهادف نحو التخلّص من الاستعمار، وكان محاولةً منّي لموضعة حواسي وحواس عائلتي ضمن فضاءٍ يحتوي قصص التمرّد على المعيارية وعلى واقع العنصرية ضد السود. (مصدر الصورة: نايكي ليدان)

أنا أحبّ عملي حقّاً. أحبّ العمل بشكل عام. عندما وصلت، عملت بداية مع تلك المنظّمة غير الحكومية الرهيبة لكنني قمت بعمل رائع. كنت موجودة دائماً في الريف، وأتحدّث وأتعلّم من الناس والنساء. وهو ما أسعدَ قلبي لفترة طويلة لأنني أحبّ ثقافتي بشدّة، وأحبّ الأشخاص السود، والنساء السود – النساء السود المُسنّات، والأطفال السود. يملأني الأمر بروحانية. عندما كنّا في كندا، ارتاد أطفالي مدارس البيض المرموقة. لم يتحدّثوا بلغة شعب الكريول ولا الفرنسية. أمّا الآن فإنّهم يركضون بحرّية في حديقة المنزل، ويتقاتلون بلغة الكريول. أيضاً وجدت مع الأشخاص الذين قابلتهم محاور للبقاء. خلقت روابط مع الكويريين/ات وغيرهم من غريبي الأطوار مثلي. كان الأمر رائعاً حقاً. لكنّي أعاني الآن. لم أعد أشعر بالأمان في هايتي. أسبوعياً تُسجّل نحو 40 عملية خطف في بورت أو برنس – وهو وضع مستمرّ منذ العام 2018. أصبت بنوبات من القلق والذعر. لقد حان وقت الذهاب، فيما أسأل نفسي: «أين هو الوطن؟». قضيت 19 عاماً في مونتريال لكنّني لم أشعر مطلقاً بأنني في وطني. عندما غادرت، لم أفتقدها أبداً، لذلك لا أريد العودة إليها. أيضاً بكيت كثيراً مؤخّراً كوني أشعر بأنني دخلت إلى منفى ثاني.

السؤال الأوّل:  كيف هي علاقتك مع المتعة والترفيه والراحة؟

علاقتي مع المتعة والترفيه والراحة مماثلة وواحدة. إنها لحظة أعيشها عندما أدلّل نفسي بحرارة الشمس على وجهي على سبيل المثال. هي المتعة والترفيه والراحة في الوقت نفسه.

المتعة: مساحتى المُفضّلة، ملاذ للاحتفال بنفسي، حيث أحفظ لنفسي القوّة والحقّ في أن أكون هادئة أو صاخبة خلال لحظات المتعة التي أختبرها. أنغمس بكلّ لحظة متعة، بما في ذلك، متعة الوحدة والصمت.

الترفيه: ركوب الدرّاجة، والمهرجانات الموسيقية، والأكل، وتذوّق النبيذ، المشاركة في رقصات الفودو الهايتية التقليدية. كلّها من ضمن الأنشطة العديدة التي أشارك فيها حالياً.

الراحة: هو ما أعيش من أجله. بما أنني شخص متفوّق وأحبّ العمل، فمن المفارقة أن أكون كسولة أيضاً. لا أحد يعلم بالأمر، لأن ما يرونه هو أنني أعمل بجدّ وبأكثر من طاقتي. إنهم لا يعرفون كيف يمكنني الانغماس في الكسل بشكل عميق وبلا تردّد.

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Explore Transnational Embodiments

This journal edition in partnership with Kohl: a Journal for Body and Gender Research, will explore feminist solutions, proposals and realities for transforming our current world, our bodies and our sexualities.


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التجسيدات العابرة للحدود

نصدر النسخة هذه من المجلة بالشراكة مع «كحل: مجلة لأبحاث الجسد والجندر»، وسنستكشف عبرها الحلول والاقتراحات وأنواع الواقع النسوية لتغيير عالمنا الحالي وكذلك أجسادنا وجنسانياتنا.

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